When doing web development, one of the most important aspects is to get a site performing well with SEO (Search Engine Optimisation). One contributing factor to this (there are many), is effective resource caching. In this article, I'm going to show how to achieve this when resources are stored within a S3 bucket.
Within Chrome, we can generate a Lighthouse report which will identify any images that are not cached correctly.
In this image, we can see that the default "cache policy" applied to resources in a S3 bucket is to tell the browser to not cache the resource.
To cache an resource, we need to send a
Cache-Control HTTP header with a suitable timeout to cache. The timeout is measured in seconds and is identified as the
max-age of the resource.
So for example, to tell the browser to cache resources for 1 day, we would use a max age of 60s 60m 24h = 86400. To tell the browser to cache for 1 week, we would use a max-age of 60s 60m 24h * 7d = 604800.
So, how do we configure S3 to specify a cache time ?
Within the S3 Console, we can select either an individual resource, or an entire directory and specify this value. To do this, we select to edit the
Metadata of the selected objects.
On the resulting screen, we select the
Add Metadata section and add a
System Defined piece of metadata with a key of
Cache-Control and a
max-age=<number of seconds>
In this image, you can see that I've set the
max-age to 7 days (60s 60m 24h * 7d).
That's all there is to it! Save the changes to the metadata and S3 will start hosting your resources with an effective cache control.